A Guidebook of Introduced Marine Species in Hawaii
Animals have been introduced throughout the world by humans, either accidentally or intentionally. When in a new environment, introduced animals can compete with native ones for food or space; introduce new pests, parasites, or pathogens; and generally cause a disruption in the native environment. Through the Hawaii Biological Survey at Bishop Museum, a count of the total number of species in the Archipelago has been compiled. In 1999, the time of the last tally, there were 23,150 known species of terrestrial and aquatic algae, plants and animals, including 5047 nonindigenous species (~ 20%). The total number of marine and brackish water alien species in the Hawaiian Islands is 343, including 287 invertebrates, 24 algae, 20 fish, and 12 flowering plants.
Publisher - B.P. Bishop Museum and the University of Hawaii
Subjects - Non-indigenous Aquatic Species (NAS)
Citation: Eldredge LG, Smith CM. 2001. A Guidebook of Introduced Marine Species in Hawaii. Manoa, HI: B.P. Bishop Museum and the University of Hawaii; Bishop Museum Technical Report 21. 70 pp http://www2.bishopmuseum.org/HBS/invertguide/species_pdf/guide.pdf