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The Effects of Wetland Mitigation on People

In the decade since the Corps of Engineers (Corps) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) officially blessed wetland mitigation banking for purposes of satisfying mitigation requirements under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act (CWA), the practice has fueled an ongoing debate about its pros and cons. For the most part, however, the debate has focused on the relative advantages and disadvantages of banking programs in terms of administrative efficiency and ecological impact, with little attention being paid to the effects of wetland mitigation banking on people. This article presents the first comprehensive empirical study of the demographics of wetland mitigation banking, revealing what has long been suspected - that banking facilitates the redistribution of wetland resources from urban to rural areas, taking with them the important ecosystem service values wetlands provide to human communities. ...

Publisher - Social Science Electronic Publishing

Subjects - Wetland Mitigation


Citation: Ruhl JB, Salzman J. 2006. The Effects of Wetland Mitigation on People. Nat. Wetlands Newsl.; 28(2):7-13 http://ssrn.com/abstract=878331