Nickel Hazards to Fish, Wildlife, and Invertebrates: A Synoptic Review
This account is a selective review and synthesis of the technical literature on nickel and nickel salts inthe environment and their effects on terrestrial plants and invertebrates, aquatic plants and animals, avian andmammalian wildlife, and other natural resources. The subtopics include nickel sources and uses; physical,chemical, and metabolic properties of nickel; nickel concentrations in field collections of abiotic materials andliving organisms; nickel deficiency effects; lethal and sublethal effects, including effects on survival, growth,reproduction, metabolism, mutagenicity, teratogenicity, and carcinogenicity; currently proposed nickel criteria forthe protection of human health and sensitive natural resources; and recommendations for additional research.
Publisher - U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Subjects - Chemical, Nickel; Toxicity
Citation: Eisler R. 1988. Nickel Hazards to Fish, Wildlife, and Invertebrates: A Synoptic Review. Laurel (MD): U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), Patuxent Wildlife Research Center; 34. 95 pp http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/eisler/CHR_14_Nickel.pdf